Schwa

The symbol is called a “schwa” (pronounced w). This neutral vowel sound is found in unstressed syllables. All five English vowels, as well as the semi-vowel Y, are sometimes pronounced as a schwa.

Click on the sample words to listen to the sound files. The letter pronounced as a schwa is in bold.

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schwa vowel examples
a about
(bt)
capable
(keIpbl)
sofa
(sf)
e   enemy
(nmi)
 
i   incredible
(Ikrdbl)
 
o oppose
(pz)
gallop
(glp)
 
u   focus
(fks)
 
y   vinyl
(vnl)
 

Note: when a word ends with (consonant + l + e), the sound of the (l+e) is actually a schwa + l sound (l).

schwa examples
noodle
uncle
apple
incredible
puzzle

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2 comments for “Schwa

  1. Diana
    15 April 2015 at 14:46

    I have a very specific question about the schwa in words like noodle, uncle, puzzle, etc. When transcribing these words into IPA, should I put the schwa in at the end followed by an /l/, or should I omit the schwa and put an /l/ with a little dash underneath it? With syllabic consonants, can the schwa be omitted? Which was is more accurate?

    • lkl
      18 April 2015 at 12:26

      I don’t know anything about “an /l/ with a little dash underneath it,” but in IPA, words like that omit the schwa, for example [noodl].

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