Phonetics: consonants

Here is a table of English consonant sounds and their IPA symbols. The words in parentheses represent the IPA transcription.

Note that the examples are in three columns. The first column provides an example of the sound when it is word initial (at the beginning of the word). The second column provides an example of the sound when it is word internal (in the middle of the word). The third column provides an example of the sound when it is word final (at the end of the word). Note also that for each letter the examples show different spellings that produce the same sound.

Click on the words to get an idea of these sounds. Pay attention to the sound of the letters in bold.

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English Consonant Sounds
IPA initial internal final
p p lease
pur p le
hel p
  a pp le
gra pe
b b ook
no b le
we b
  ca bb age
(kbI g)
f f ive
fi f ty
gul f
  ra ff le
o ff
ph one
hy ph en
nym ph
  rou gh ly
tou gh
v v anilla
se v en
fi ve
th irty
no th ing
pa th
th ey
fa th er
brea the
t t en
au t umn
hi t
  a tt ain
mi tt
  ei ght y
frei ght
    bak ed *
    whi te
* Pronunciation of simple past – ed ending
d d ish
wi d ow
re d
  a dd ing
gui de
s s ir
the s is
book s
sc issors
ma ss age
mi ss
c enter
De c ember
i ce
ps ychology
  si x
    hou se
z z ero
free z ing
oo ze
  fu zz y
ja zz
  mi s er
dishe s
x enophobe
e x it
plea se
  sci ss ors
sh e
mu sh room
radi sh
s ure
pre ss ure
sch ist
fa sc ist
  tui ti on
ca che
g enre
sei z ure
gara ge
  fi ss ure
  vi s ion
  lei s ure
ch eers
arti ch oke
Mar ch
  pic t ure
wa tch
j ump
ma j or
g entle
ri g id
ca ge
  ba dg er
bri dge
k k ing
ba k er
pin k
  ro ck et
bla ck
c old
O c tober
atti c
q ueen
e q ual
  or ch id
  fi x
ca ke
  bro cc oli
g g ood
Au g ust
dra g
  fo gg y
  e x otic
m M ay
hu m id
ma’a m
  su mm er
autu mn
    la mb
n n o
rai n ing
gree n
pn eumonia
su nn y
si gn
kn ife
un kn own
fi ne
ŋ   si ng er
spri ng
  pi n k
w w inter
sno w ing
wh at
no wh ere
o ne
j y ellow
ma y or
u nite
b ea utiful
h h ot
mis h ap
l l ook
e l even
coo l
ll ama
he ll o
fa ll
r ed
o r ange
o r
  me rr y
pu rr

Related lessons:

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1 comment for “Phonetics: consonants

  1. Thuc Truong
    17 April 2014 at 11:39

    In my first language, it’s more similar sounds than English.
    Some sounds, such as /th/, /dz/…, don’t have in my first language, so I pronounce them difficultly.

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