Phonetics: consonants

Here is a table of English consonant sounds and their IPA symbols. The words in parentheses represent the IPA transcription.

Note that the examples are in three columns. The first column provides an example of the sound when it is word initial (at the beginning of the word). The second column provides an example of the sound when it is word internal (in the middle of the word). The third column provides an example of the sound when it is word final (at the end of the word). Note also that for each letter the examples show different spellings that produce the same sound.

Click on the words to get an idea of these sounds. Pay attention to the sound of the letters in bold.
 

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English Consonant Sounds
IPA initial internal final
p p lease
(pliz)
pur p le
(ppl)
hel p
(hlp)
  a pp le
(pl)
gra pe
(greIp)
 
b b ook
(bk)
no b le
(nbl)
we b
(wb)
  ca bb age
(kbI g)
 
 
f f ive
(faIv)
fi f ty
(fIfti)
gul f
(glf)
  ra ff le
(rfl)
o ff
(f)
ph one
(fn)
hy ph en
(haIfn)
nym ph
(nImf)
  rou gh ly
(rfli)
tou gh
(tf)
 
v v anilla
(vnIl)
se v en
(svn)
fi ve
(faIv)
 
th irty
(ti)
no th ing
(nIŋ)
pa th
(p)
 
th ey
(eI)
fa th er
(f)
brea the
(bri)
 
t t en
(tn)
au t umn
(tm)
hi t
(hIt)
  a tt ain
(teIn)
mi tt
(mIt)
  ei ght y
(eIti)
frei ght
(freIt)
    bak ed *
(beIkt)
    whi te
(weIt)
* Pronunciation of simple past – ed ending
 
d d ish
(dI)
wi d ow
(wId)
re d
(rd)
  a dd ing
(dIŋ)
gui de
(gd)
 
s s ir
(s)
the s is
(iss)
book s
(bks)
sc issors
(sIzz)
ma ss age
(ms)
mi ss
(mIs)
c enter
(snt)
De c ember
(dIsmb)
i ce
(is)
ps ychology
(saIklgi)
  si x
(sIks)
    hou se
(hs)
 
z z ero
(z)
free z ing
(frizIŋ)
oo ze
(uz)
  fu zz y
(fzi)
ja zz
(z)
  mi s er
(maIz)
dishe s
(dIz)
x enophobe
(znfb)
e x it
(gzIt)
plea se
(pliz)
  sci ss ors
(sIzz)
 
 
sh e
(i)
mu sh room
(mrum)
radi sh
(rdI)
s ure
()
pre ss ure
(pr)
 
sch ist
(Ist)
fa sc ist
(fIst)
 
  tui ti on
(tuIn)
ca che
(k)
 
g enre
(nr)
sei z ure
(si)
gara ge
(gr)
  fi ss ure
(fI)
 
  vi s ion
(vIn)
 
  lei s ure
(li)
 
 
ch eers
(s)
arti ch oke
(tIk
Mar ch
(m)
  pic t ure
(pIk)
wa tch
(w)
 
j ump
(mp)
ma j or
(meI)
 
g entle
(ntl)
ri g id
(rIId)
ca ge
(keI)
  ba dg er
(b)
bri dge
(brI)
 
k k ing
(kIŋ)
ba k er
(beIk)
pin k
(pIŋk)
  ro ck et
(rkt
bla ck
(blk)
c old
(kld)
O c tober
(ktb)
atti c
(tIk)
q ueen
(kwin)
e q ual
(ikwl)
 
  or ch id
(kId)
 
  fi x
(fIks)
ca ke
(keIk)
  bro cc oli
(brkli)
 
 
g g ood
(gd)
Au g ust
(gst)
dra g
(drg)
  fo gg y
(fgi)
 
  e x otic
(gztIk)
 
 
m M ay
(meI)
hu m id
(hjumd)
ma’a m
(mm)
  su mm er
(sm)
autu mn
(tm)
    la mb
(lm)
 
n n o
(n)
rai n ing
(raInIŋ)
gree n
(grin)
pn eumonia
(nmnj)
su nn y
(sni)
si gn
(sn)
kn ife
(naIf)
un kn own
(nn)
fi ne
(faIn)
 
ŋ   si ng er
(sIŋ)
spri ng
(sprIŋ)
  pi n k
(pIŋk)
 
 
w w inter
(wInt)
sno w ing
(snwIŋ)
 
wh at
(wt)
no wh ere
(nw)
 
o ne
(wn)
   
 
j y ellow
(jl)
ma y or
(meI)
 
u nite
(junIt)
b ea utiful
(bjutIfl)
 
 
h h ot
(ht)
mis h ap
(mIshp)
 
 
l l ook
(lk)
e l even
(lvn)
coo l
(kl)
ll ama
(lm)
he ll o
(hl)
fa ll
(fl)
 
r ed
(rd)
o r ange
(n)
o r
()
  me rr y
(mi)
pu rr
(p)

Related lessons:

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1 comment for “Phonetics: consonants

  1. Thuc Truong
    17 April 2014 at 11:39

    In my first language, it’s more similar sounds than English.
    Some sounds, such as /th/, /dz/…, don’t have in my first language, so I pronounce them difficultly.

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