The subject of a sentence refers to the person or thing that performs the action of a verb. A subject pronoun is often used to replace this person or thing in subsequent sentences to avoid repetition.
Here is a list of subject pronouns.
In English, unlike some languages, you cannot form a sentence without a subject or a subject pronoun. Here are examples with subjects.
Here are examples with subject pronouns.
Note that without a subject or a subject pronoun, it is impossible to know who or what is performing the action of the verb. Here are some examples with questions.
In English, the subject pronoun I is always capitalized, even if it doesn’t start the sentence.
|The book I bought is new.|
|What was I saying?|
Most English nouns do not have gender. When talking about an object, the subject pronoun it is used.
|Look at the flower. It is beautiful.||
Look at the flower.
|I lost a book. It has a red cover.||
I lost a book.
He and she are only used when referring to people and sometimes animals, if we know the gender of the animal.
|This is my dog Napoleon. He is four years old.|
|My cat is pregnant. She is going to have kittens.|
They is used to refer to more than one person or thing.
|Tom and Sue are my friends. They live next door.|
|I like his jokes. They are funny.|
Remember, subject pronouns are used to avoid repetion. Note below that the second example sounds better than the first.
|Tom and Sue are my friends. Tom and Sue live next door and Tom and Sue have two children.|
|Tom and Sue are my friends. They live next door and they have two children.|